The Indian Meteorological Department on Monday released heat forecasts for the 3 months March, April and May. According to the forecast, except in South and Central India, the temperature will be higher than normal in most areas of the country, including North India. It can rise to a degree compared to the previous year.
The signs of remaining higher than the normal temperature were seen on the first day of March. In North and Central India, the mercury on March 1 was 3 to 6 degrees above normal. For context, the Meteorological Department’s estimate of heat has proved to be 90% accurate in the last 5 years.
The temperature will rise mainly in North Indian states
Most parts of north, northwest and northeast India, parts of the eastern-western parts of central India, coastal areas of the northern peninsula will have higher than normal temperatures. Most of the time, heat waves can occur.
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Maximum temperatures are expected to be below normal in the south and parts of central India close to it.
Mercury is expected to be above normal in Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Western Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
Konkan and Goa are also expected to have higher than the normal minimum and maximum temperature.
The country is prone to drought
Climate change worldwide increases the possibility of drought in India in the coming years. This will have an impact on agricultural production. The demand for irrigation will increase and the exploitation of groundwater will increase. Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar have claimed this. This study is published in the NPJ Climate Journal. In this study, the effect of climate change on the drought during the monsoon has been studied. The findings suggest that an abrupt drought compared to a traditional drought can affect a large area in two to three weeks. This will adversely affect the crop.