ISRO has successfully launched Chandrayan-2 on 22nd July, 2019 that will explore the uncharted south pole of the lunar surface by soft landing of rover. The rover is launched through most powerful rocket GSLV-Mk0III-M1. Chandrayan-2 is Rs 978 crore project that was launched from Satish Dhawan space center in Sriharikota. Chandrayan-2 is very important to India as after the successful launch of Chandrayan2, India has become the fourth country after Russia, U.S.A and China to soft-land a rover on the surface of the moon.
Importance of Chandrayan-2 mission
Dr. Karan Jani, a renowned astrophysicist and a scientist with the Nobel Prize-winning gravitational wave experiment LIGO, has given an insight into India’s second lunar mission. He explained the importance of Chandrayan-2 mission for India.
According to Dr. Karan, Chandrayan-2 is a milestone set for the Independent India. It is a completely indigenous project and till now only three more countries including Russia, China and U.S.A has been able to soft-land a rover on the surface of moon. Thus, it clearly shows the sophistication of technological advancement in the country. Many industries and Universities have contributed in the R&D process involved in this project. Chandrayaan-2 is an engineering marvel and this shows that India is capable to fire powerful rocket, navigate in space and gain competitive advantage in signalling and communication cartography.
Added India in the race to the moon
As U.S President Donald Trump has already given a deadline 2024 for a man/woman back to the moon. Scientists from other counties like Russia and China have already started their exploration for life on moon on the far away side. Thus, with the successful launch of this project, it is expected that India is also no too far behind. After studying the lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance and the lunar exosphere, it will be easier for the people to know about the existence of life on Moon. On the south pole region of Moon, there are bigger craters which are extremely cold. Chandrayan-2 will do 3D mapping of topography of the south pole to determine the seismic activity on the lunar surface.