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Why Gathbandhan failed

by Madhvi Bansal

Gathbandhan is a hindi word which meant a Grand Alliance, was a strategy recently adopted by the left parties to confront the Modi Wave in the Lok Sabha elections 2019. The Gathbandhan in Uttar Pradesh is formed by the Samajwadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD). Irrespective of the major gathbandhan, they have not been able to live up to the hype it had created in the recently concluded Lok Sabha Elections. 

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The alliance was planning to give a neck to neck competition to the ruling party, i.e. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)  in the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections. Uttar Pradesh is always considered as India’s most politically significant state for his large share of 80 parliamentary seats. Though the team gathbandhan has not left any stone unturned, but the results have come as a shocker for the constituent parties as well as many political experts. Political Pandits believe that the caste equations have played a vital role in this election. 

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Comparison of Votes during 2014 and 2019

Constituency Candidate in 2014 Margin in 2014 , Candidate in 2019 Margin in 2019

  • Basti Harish Dwivedi 33,562 Harish Dwivedi 30,354
  • Bansgaon Kamlesh Paswan 1,89,516 Kamlesh Paswan 1,53,468
  • Deoria Kalraj Mishra 2,65,386 Ramapati Ram Tripathi 2,49,951
  • Gorakhpur Yogi Adityanath 3,12,783 Ravi Kishan 3,01,664
  • Salempur Ravindra Kushawaha 2,32,342 Ravindra Kushawaha 1,12,477
  • Sant Kabir Nagar Sharad Tripathi 97,978 Praveen Kumar Nishad 35,749

Polarisation of Hindu’s 

In almost every Lok Sabha election, caste equation is the main factor to decide the victory, likewise in 2019 elections too, polarisation of hindu votes has became a deciding factor in Modi’s victory. In Uttar Pradesh, youth wanted to vote for BJP to assert control over muslims. In many districts of U.P. hindus were seen bursting firecrackers in the Muslim localities. 

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Jatavs and Yadavs – core support base

Yadavs and Jatavs who are known to be the core support base of the SP and BSP have also favoured BJP this time. But the result was quite a surprise to all the top leadership of the gathbandhan. Genuine and grassroot issues were raised, but still, they failed to get traction from the voters.

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