World view: Top 10 International News Of This Week

by Shatakshi Gupta
  • In Baghdad’s high-security green zone, dozens of followers of a Shia cleric demonstrated in favour of early elections and the dissolution of parliament. Indications of how serious Iraq’s most recent political crises have grown come from demonstrations outside the Supreme Judicial Council and Parliament building in the country’s capital. Since last year’s legislative elections, Muqtada al-followers Sadr’s and their political adversaries, the Shia bloc supported by Iran, have been at odds. The election held in October of last year saw Al-Sadr win the most seats, but he was unable to form a majority government, leaving Iraq in the midst of its greatest political crisis in decades. His followers occupied Parliament at the end of July, and there have been daily demonstrations since.
  • Gotabaya Rajapaksa, the former leader of Sri Lanka, flew back to his homeland late on Friday night. After 7 weeks away from Sri Lanka, Rajapaksa, 73, travelled from Bangkok to Singapore. At Colombo’s Bandaranaike International Airport, a number of ministers welcomed him. There was tight security when he was brought outside the airport. The Prime Minister’s residence and the President’s residence were made available to the public on July 9. Rajapaksa then left his official residence and fled. Gotabaya and his family originally escaped to the Maldives on July 13. Then arrived in Singapore. On the same day, Sri Lanka once more declared a state of emergency.

Read more: Not just war, Europe is facing a severe Drought; “worst in 500 years”, say experts

  • With the lowest fertility rate in the world, South Korea has once more surpassed its own record. The fertility rate in this country decreased to 0.81 in 2021, per census statistics. The fertility rate is expected to decline further this year, according to experts. Since the 1970s, fertility rates have been falling. At that time, the fertility rate was 4.53. After 2000, there was a significant drop.
  • Following the death of an Indian pregnant woman in Portugal, the health minister Marta Temido announced her resignation. This pregnant mother reportedly suffered a heart attack, according to the media. Moving him to a different hospital took longer than expected. Prior to this, concerns about Portugal’s health sector’s shortcomings were being voiced. A significant factor was a lack of staff. There were doubts regarding Marta’s ability to handle these problems.
  • The biggest calamity in a decade, 33 million people in Pakistan are devastated by the floods. After 937 people—including 343 children—were killed in the country’s rain-induced floods, and at least 30 million people were left homeless, the Pakistani government proclaimed a national emergency. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports that since June 14, 306 persons have died in Sindh province.
  • The United States will give Taiwan weaponry valued approximately $1.1 billion, or 8,768 crore rupees. These weaponry include 100 air-to-air missiles, radar warning systems, and 60 anti-ship Harpoon missiles. The US made this announcement following Nancy Pelosi’s trip to Taiwan. Nancy Pelosi, the speaker of the US senate, arrived in Taiwan on August 2. Since that time, the Chinese army has been practising military manoeuvres not far from Taiwan. America has provided military assistance in response to China’s assertive stance against Taiwan. In this case, the US decision has angered the Chinese government.
  • In Afghanistan’s Herat province, a huge explosion happened during Friday prayers. One of the Taliban’s most important religious figures, Mullah Mujeeb ur Rehman Ansari, was slain in this. The tragedy happened in the city of Gajaragh. A significant Taliban leader was also assassinated last month. This attack is thought to have been carried out by the ISIS Khorasan Group (ISKP). As of far, the Taliban has provided no information about this.
  • Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev died on 31 August.  Gorbachev, 91, had been ill for a long time. He had ended the Cold War without fighting, that is, he had ended the Cold War without any bloodshed. However, he could not stop the collapse of the Soviet Union. Mikhail was the 8th and last President of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev was a world leader whose decisions affected the entire planet.
  • Cristina Fernandez, the vice president of Argentina, nearly evaded being shot when a guy attempted to shoot her. The occurrence took place on Thursday night. Christina was surrounded by fans outside of her home. A gun was pointed at point blank range by an unnamed person at the same time. Christina was abruptly approached by the attacker. The bullet could have done a lot of harm if it had actually fired. The assailant has been detained.
  • The launch of NASA’s “Artemis-1” Moon mission has been postponed once more. The launch window for the rocket was September 3 at 11:47 p.m. Its launch was initially scheduled for August 29 but was postponed because of a problem with the third of the rocket’s four engines and inclement weather. The brand-new launch date has not yet been disclosed. After 53 years, America is getting ready to launch its Moon mission Artemis, which will send people to the moon once more. This flight is a test run for the actual mission, which won’t include any astronauts. With this journey, scientists hope to determine whether astronauts can safely operate in the lunar environment.